Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English begins a secondary school as the school for children between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18 while Advanced English Dictionary Federal Chambers defines secondary school as a school for children between the ages of 11 or 12 and 18, where subjects are taught at a more advanced level than a primary school. There are many secondary schools provided in Malaysia such as national school, vernacular school, non-vernacular school, science school, vocational school, smart school and cluster school. Usually, secondary school offers 8 to 12 subjects such as Bahasa Melayu, English, History, Mathematics, Additional Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, etc.
From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, 2008, secondary education is the stage of education following primary school. Secondary schools run for seven years, known as Forms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Lower 6 and Upper 6. Not all schools offer all forms. Many secondary schools stop at Form 5. Forms 1 to 3 are known as the lower secondary level and at the end of Form 3, students sit for the PMR (Penilaian Menengah Rendah) examination. This replaced the SRP (Sijil Rendah Pelajaran) or LCE (Lower Certificate of Education) where a pass was required for promotion to Form 4. At the end of Form 5, students sit for the SPM (Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia) examination. Secondary education is generally the final stage of compulsory education. The next stage of education is usually college or university. Secondary education is characterized by transition from the typically compulsory, comprehensive primary education for minors to the optional, selective tertiary, post-secondary, or higher education (e.g., university, vocational school) for adults. Depending on the system, schools for this period or a part of it may be called secondary schools, high schools, gymnasia, lyceums, middle schools, colleges, vocational schools and preparatory schools, and the exact meaning of any of these varies between the systems.
The meaning of student by Longman Dictionary is someone who is studying at a university, school and etc while Advance English Dictionary states that student is a person following a former course of study at a college or university. The purpose of secondary education is to give common knowledge, to prepare for either higher education or vocational education, or to train directly to a profession.
Secondary education, like primary education is now compulsory in Malaysia. The secondary school shall be less than 1000 students because lots of problems will occur if the number of students is exceeded. The excessive number of students may lead to disciplinary problem including bullying, truancy, vandalism, gangsterism, and loitering. Other than that, it is hard for the school administration to handle the students if the number of the students is more than 1000. Furthermore, social problem will increase among female and male students. Hence, each secondary school has to limit students’ intake to avoid these problems to happen.
In disciplinary problem, students always involve in bullying and ragging.
Normally, senior like bullying the junior especially during the orientation week where the seniors ask their juniors to do the nonsense things like running around the school compound, washed the seniors clothes, etc and it will lead to the stress of the junior and gives problem to the school. There are students who involve in gangsterism where many other students especially the weak or innocent one become the victim to the students who are strong and have power in school. This is the serious case because students should not involve in any criminal case such as blackmail and punch the other students. Moreover, if there are too many students in the school, the percentage of students involving in vandalism will increase and many facilities in the school will damage such as public phone, toilet, canteen and classroom’s equipments.
Besides, there are many cases of truancy and loitering among students especially for the students who are from the class that has more than 30 people, the teacher probably will not notice them. Instead of going to school, they will go to shopping complex, cybercafé and cinema. Some of them involve in smoking and drugs. These are not the ethical as a student. Therefore, parents and school authorities should cooperate to prevent this situation from spreading widely by giving lots of attention particularly to the problematic students.
In addition, it is hard for the school administration to control or handle large sum of students. Teacher may overlook to some students and the students may feel ignored and tend to play in the class. The quality of the students will reduce because small amount of the students will be better. A good service can be carried out by the school organization to the students. As for the outcome, the school quality will be preserved and at the same time the good quality of students can be produced. By all these means, the ranking of school can be upgraded.
Apart from that, there will be not enough space for students to move around in the school and they will feel uncomfortable to learn. They need to share the limited facilities among them which are provided by the school. For instance, school canteen, toilet, hall and field. School administration will have a problem to keep the data of the students about their personal problems or achievements and control the students’ traits. There will be many school sessions if there are more than a thousand of students.
Another reason why the secondary school should be less than 1000 students is to decrease social problems among the students. If there are too many students in the school, the percentage of having social problem are high too. Male and female students may engage in close relationship and may give problems to the other students and school organization.
In conclusion, the number of the secondary school shall be less than 1000 students to avoid from the problems that stated above. Regarding to the students’ rules and regulations, the students need to behave well and accordingly and they cannot be involved in any problem that can make them been kept out from the schools. We want to provide students who have the better quality to become a future leader and to be well educated without having bad records and influenced by surrounding. We also want our students to have a good environment and comfortable while studying. Therefore, there should be less than 30 students per class and less than 1000 per school in secondary school.